Justin Bieber’s Ramsay Hunt Syndrome, what is it?
Justin Bieber Diagnosed with Ramsay Hunt Syndrome is one of the most shocking news for his fans and those who love to listen to his songs. The worldwide famous pop sensation Justin Bieber revealed through an Instagram video about him being diagnosed with a rare disease. He has cancelled his recent shows because of ongoing treatment.
Everyone is curious about this syndrome and wants to know the possible symptoms and treatments. Here we tried to add most of the information about Ramsay Hunt Syndrome from Symptoms to Treatments.
Whenever a zoster infection hits the peripheral nerves near one of your ears, it’s known as Ramsay Hunt syndrome (herpes zoster oticus). Ramsay Hunt syndrome can include facial paralysis and loss of hearing inside the afflicted ear, in addition to the severe shingles outbreak.
The very same causative agent that causes chickenpox causes Ramsay Hunt syndrome. The virus remains in your neurons after chickenpox has healed. It could be reawakened years later. It can harm your facial nerves if this happens.
Ramsay Hunt syndrome can be treated early to lessen the risk of sequelae, such as irreversible facial muscle paralysis and hearing.
Signs and Symptoms
Ramsay Hunt syndrome has two primary signs and symptoms:
- On, in, as well as around one ear, a severe red rash with liquid blisters.
- On the very same side as the afflicted ear, facial weakness or paralysis
- Rashes and face paralysis often occur simultaneously. It’s possible that one will occur before another. In other instances, the rash does not appear.
You may also have the following symptoms if you have Ramsay Hunt syndrome:
- Ear ache
- Hearing loss is a common problem.
- Your ears are ringing (tinnitus)
- Closing one eye is difficult.
- A spinning or swirling sensation (vertigo)
- A loss in taste or a modification in sense of taste
- Mouth and eyes that are dry
When to see a doctor?
If you have facial paralysis or a zoster rash, see your doctor right once. Therapy that begins three days after the initial symptoms may assist to prevent long-term problems.
People who have had chickenpox develop Ramsay Hunt syndrome. The virus persists in your body after you recover from chickenpox, occasionally reactivating years later to create shingles, a severe rash involving fluid-filled blisters.
A shingles breakout known as Ramsay Hunt syndrome affects the peripheral nerves near one of the ears. This can induce hearing damage and one-sided facial paralysis.
Anyone who has had chickenpox can get Ramsay Hunt syndrome. It affects those over the age of 60 and is more common in elderly folks. In children, Ramsay Hunt syndrome is uncommon.
It is not communicable to have Ramsay Hunt syndrome. Reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus, on the other hand, can induce chickenpox in persons who have never had chickenpox or been vaccinated against it. For patients with immune system issues, the infection can be deadly.
Avoid physical contact with the following items until the rash boils and scabs over:
- Anyone who has never had chickenpox or received the chickenpox vaccine is at risk.
- Anyone with a weakened immune system is at risk.
- Women who are pregnant
Although the condition is not communicable, it can cause chickenpox in persons who have not been immunised. Patients are recommended to avoid contact with persons with poor immunity and those who have never had chickenpox or have not been vaccinated against it until the blister scabs come off.
Ramsay Hunt syndrome can cause a variety of complications, including:
- Hearing loss and facial paralysis are both permanent. The hearing loss and facial paralysis associated with Ramsay Hunt syndrome are usually very transitory. However, it has the potential to become permanent.
- Damage to the eyes. Because of the facial paralysis induced by Ramsay Hunt syndrome, closing your eyelid may be challenging. The cornea, which protects your eye, may be injured as a result. Eye pain and poor vision can result from this damage.
- Postherpetic neuralgia is a type of postherpetic neuralgia. A shingles infection affects nerve fibers, resulting in this excruciating illness. The information sent by these nerve fibers becomes jumbled and amplified, resulting in pain that can continue long after the other Ramsay Hunt syndrome signs and symptoms have disappeared.
Antiviral drugs are routinely used to treat Ramsay Hunt syndrome. The majority of experts agree that starting antiviral treatment within three days of commencement looks to be the most beneficial, as early diagnosis and management appear to enhance results. In certain situations, facial paralysis and hearing impairment could become irreversible despite treatment.
Children are now routinely vaccinated against chickenpox, greatly reducing the chance of infection with the virus. Persons over the age of 50 should additionally get a shingles vaccine.